Not until 1753/1754 was the Residence moved back to Brunswick, into the newly built Brunswick Palace. In 1432 founded the Principality of Calenberg, a split-off from Lüneburg, and left the remaining Wolfenbüttel to his brother Henry IV. The districts were further subdivided into cities or towns (Städte) and more rural townships (Ämter). The Duchy's highest peak was the Wurmberg at 971 metres (3,186 ft). 1506 people (0.40%) were foreign nationals, among those 785 came from Austria-Hungary, 133 from the United Kingdom, 112 from the United States, 91 from Italy, 83 from the Russian Empire, and 81 from Switzerland. Took the entire government of the duchy after the death of his nephew, the natural heir. Albert also moved the residence to. The territory assigned to the Electorate included the Brunswick-Lüneburg principalities of Calenberg, Grubenhagen, and Lüneburg (even though at the time Lüneburg was ruled by Ernest Augustus's older brother) and the counties of Diepholz and Hoya. The text included all the domains, estates, etc of Brunswick were transferred to Geveva. Moedas: Brunswick-Lüneburg. In 1428 they exchanged, with their uncle Bernard I, Lüneburg for Wolfenbüttel. After his death,according to the treaty, the duchy was returned to the Welfs. It existed from 1269 until 1705 and its territory lay within the modern-day state of Lower Saxony in Germany. English: Henry of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Latin Henricus, died 14 October 1416), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, called Henry the Mild, was prince of Lüneburg from 1388 to 1409 jointly with his brother Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from 1400 to 1409 also of Wolfenbüttel, and from 1409 until his death sole prince of Lüneburg. Rev. As a result, Prussia was unwilling to let George V of Hanover or his son, Ernest Augustus, succeed to Brunswick. George I was followed by his son George II and great-grandson George III. Brunswick belongs almost entirely to the basin of the river Weser, into which the Oker, the Aller and the Leine, having their sources in the Harz, discharge their waters. In 1617 annexed Grubenhagen to his domains. However, the. In 1432 the estates gained by the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel between the Deister and Leine split away as the Principality of Calenberg. It was thought that this faction would never be added ever since Cody's announcement that he had stopped developing the game, however, the faction ended up being included in the Brunswick Update. George III contested the validity of the dissolution of the Empire and maintained separate consular offices and staff for the Electorate of Hanover until the peace conferences at the war's end. As he left no male heirs, the land passed to his younger brother, Ernest Augustus. History Dukes and Electors of Brunswick-Lüneburg. For example, over the course of the centuries there were the Old, Middle and New Houses (or Lines) of Brunswick, and the Old, Middle and New Houses of Lüneburg. uCoin.net é um Catálogo Internacional de Moedas do Mundo. Like most of his predecessors, he had financial problems, so he was often forced to sell or pledge major parts of his possession and he had to demand high taxes. Shared rule with his brother Albert. The state lay ran from the northern part of the Solling hills and the River Leine near Einbeck and north of the Eichsfeld on and in the southwestern Harz. Coins: Brunswick-Lüneburg. Sybille of Brunswick-Lüneburg: William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 3 June 1584 23 November 1617 19 January 1598 husband's death: 5 August 1652 Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst: Rudolph, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst 25 September 1607 26 October 1623 11 August 1634 husband inherits Wolfenbüttel: 26 September 1634 Augustus II After Otto's death in 1352, William ruled alone. For further information on the governments of Brunswick from 1918 on, see Free State of Brunswick. Under him the medieval fortress (, Sons of Henry VII, ruled jointly. ***If you chose Registered mail then I accept full responsibility if the item is lost in the mail. Son of Albert V, in 1526 reunited Grubenhagen under his hands. They were made Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1235. The Congress of Vienna of 1815 turned it into an independent state under the name Duchy of Brunswick. The new constitution of Brunswick was declared illegal, as well as all new laws passed by Hanover during their Regency. His death without descendants precipitated the. It was disestablished after the end of World War I, its territory incorporated into the Weimar Republic as the Free State of Brunswick. Anna of Brunswick-Lüneburg was born on December 6 1502, in Celle, to Henry The Middle, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Margaret of Saxony, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Select from premium Duke Of Brunswick Lüneburg of the highest quality. He went into exile for several years, but was then allowed to stay on the (allodial) estates inherited from his mother's side until the end of his life. In 1291 divided the land: Henry received Grubenhagen, William Wolfenbüttel and Albert Göttingen. In 1495 it was expanded around Göttingen and in 1584 went back to the Wolfenbüttel Line. Office of the Historian, Foreign Service Institute United States Department of State. The major rivers that ran through Brunswick were the Weser, Aller, Leine, Oker, Bode and Innerste. Sons of Ernest II, ruled jointly. When the imperial ban was placed on Henry the Lion in 1180, he lost his titles as Duke of Saxony and Duke of Bavaria. In 1648 inherited the Principality of Lüneburg from his uncle Frederick IV, he gave Calenberg to his younger brother George William, and instead ruled the larger territory of Lüneburg. Posts about Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg written by liamfoley63. [18] Due to the legend associated with it, the white horse became a very popular symbol among the population of Brunswick, even more so than the lions.[19]. Frederick William's son Charles (a minor at the time of his father's death) became the first Duke of independent Brunswick. Robinson, ed., Readings in European History 2 vols. In the course of the 19th-century history of Germany, the duchy was part of the German Confederation, the North German Confederation and from 1871 the German Empire. The Duchy of Brunswick was almost entirely surrounded by the Prussian Provinces of Hanover and Saxony, in the south-east it also bordered the Duchy of Anhalt and in the west the Principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont and the Prussian Province of Westphalia. Verzeichniss der Doubletten der Königlichen Privat-Bibliothek, [ca. Son of Anthony Ulrich. From the year 1137, under the name of the Guelphic Lands (Welfissche Lande), it was under the Dukes of Brunswick. For this reason, many cities and provinces in former British colonies are named after Brunswick or Lüneburg. Deutsch: Eine Landkarte das Kurfürstentum Braunschweig und Lüneburg (auch das Kurfürstentum Hannover genannt) c. 1789. With William's death in 1884, the Wolfenbüttel line came to an end. The Duchy of Brunswick consisted of several non-connected parts - three larger and seven smaller ones. 1815 (0.39%) people were of Jewish faith. Other branches that did not have full sovereignty existed in the Dannenberg, Harburg, Gifhorn, Bevern, Osterode, Herzberg, Salzderhelden and Einbeck. But his younger brother, Brother of Albert III, regent on behalf of his nephew, Eric. Shared rule with his brother John. From 1705 onward, all other portions of Brunswick-Lüneburg except Wolfenbüttel had been held by the Prince of Calenberg and Celle, i.e. The southernmost principality in the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg stretched from Münden in the south down the River Weser to Holzminden. Extraits der notes et ..." pgs 411-412 etc. It had been a portion of the medieval Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ), This article is about the German states ruled by the various Dukes of Brunswick and Lüneburg. Found in the collection of Bomann Museum Celle. Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Braunschweig-Lüneburg, also English: Brunswick-Lunenburg) was a historical ducal state during the period from the late Middle Ages until the late Early Modern era within the North-Western domains of the Holy Roman Empire.. As he left no male descendants, the land passed to his brother Philip. (Note: Here the numbering of the princes is the same for all duchies, as all were titled Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, despite of the different parts of land and its particular numbering of the rulers. Joined Wolfenbüttel to his domains in 1485, when he imprisoned his brother. All of its TV products are manufactured at a specially developed production facility in the North East of England and are distributed in the UK and Europe through major retailers offline and on. Ruler of the only land that was still not in Hanoverian lands, to which it would never belong. In 1269 the house of Brunswick-Lüneburg divided into the branches of Lüneburg and Brunswick (later Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, the later Duchy of Brunswick). Fulfilling the agreement of Hanover, married the daughter of the Duke Wenceslaus of Saxe-Wittenberg. The duchy was located in … Ernst August, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, 1845-1923. Sons of Magnus II, ruled jointly. In the List of Reichstag participants (1792), the following four subdivisions of Brunswick-Lüneburg had recognized representation: By 1705 only two Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg survived, one ruling Calenberg, Lüneburg and other possessions, and the other ruling Wolfenbüttel. The county was formed in 1764 from parts of Bladen County and New Hanover County.It was named for the colonial port of Brunswick Town (now in ruins) which was itself named for Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg; at the time held by the British kings of the House of Hanover.. Law and government Edit. Healthcare for Brits in Brunswick and Lüneburg. He was the last Catholic of his family. Imprisoned by his brother William, who took his place. He then gave Calenberg to his next brother, John Frederick. As he left no descendants, the land passed to his brother, Augustus. The two lions of Henry V then went on to become the symbol of the House of Guelph. Phone: 202-955-0200. In 1432 the Principality of Calenberg, the later Electorate of Hanover, split from Brunswick(-Wolfenbüttel), and in 1705 acquired the territory of Lüneburg. The Latin inscriptions read IMMOTA FIDES ("unswerving faithfulness") and NEC ASPERA TERRENT ("they are not afraid of difficulties"). Brother of Christian Louis and George William. The use of the lion as a heraldic animal in the House of Guelph goes back to Henry the Lion in the 12th century at least. In truth, the use of the horse as a symbol for Saxony only goes back to the 14th century, when the House of Guelph, after the ducal title of Saxony had fallen to the House of Ascania, adopted the fictional "ancient" symbol to represent themselves as the true descendants of the old Saxon dukes. In 1714, the Hanoverian branch of the family succeeded to the throne of Great Britain, which they ruled in personal union with Hanover until 1837. However, since he still claimed to be the rightful King of Hanover, the Federal Council ruled that he would violate the peace of the German Empire if he succeeded to Brunswick. English: Christian the Elder, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, (1566–1633) was Prince of Lüneburg and Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Minden. The land passed to his brother, Christian. The Duke of Cumberland then proclaimed himself Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick. The seats of power moved in the meantime from Brunswick and Lüneburg to Celle and Wolfenbüttel as the towns asserted their independence. At the Imperial Diet of 1235 in Mainz, as part of the reconciliation between the Hohenstaufen and Welf families, Henry's grandson, Otto the Child, transferred his estates to Emperor Frederick II and was enfeoffed in return with the newly created Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, which was formed from the estates transferred to the Emperor as well as other large areas of the imperial fisc. Crowned arms within Order, with supporters… The southern part with the town of Blankenburg was located in the Harz mountains. Augustus's sons succeeded him, sometimes ruling together: Anthony Ulrich's sons succeeded him in sequence: Horst-Rüdiger Jarck, Gerhard Schildt (eds. The Wolfenbüttel Line retained its independence, except from 1807 to 1813, when it and Hanover were merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia. Cello Solar is an associate company of one of the UK’s leading LED TV brands,Cello Electronics. Abdicated to his son in 1641. They offer vaccine recommendations and the latest news on outbreaks and other health risks as well as factsheets that contain useful information for staying healthy during your travel. Younger son of William VI. The duchy was divided several times during the High Middle Ages amongst various lines of the House of Welf, but each ruler was styled "Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg" in addition to his own particular title. The climate is mild in the north, but in the hilly country raw and cold in winter, and in autumn and spring damp. Grolier Club: referencedIn: Hanover royal music archive, 1651-1951 (bulk circa 1770-1870). Proofread and pages added by Jonathan Perry, March 2001. to Augustus, son of Henry of Dannenberg. Otto von Bismark honored the treaty in sending financial assets of the domains of Brunswick to Geneva.[3]. When the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg was divided in 1635, George inherited the Principality of Calenberg and moved his residence to Hanover. Ferdinand, Charles-Guillaume Duc de Brunswick-Lunebourg 1721-1792 Ferdinand, Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg, 1721-1792 Ferdinand, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, 1721-1792 Regent on behalf of his son after the death of his grandfather. The flag of the Duchy of Brunswick was blue over yellow,[21] and demonstrates a remarkable similarity with the Ukrainian national colours. While the number of voters was limited by a system of census suffrage to about 40% of Brunswick's male population, the parliament of Brunswick was granted more rights than in most other German states at the time and the duke's budget and powers were significantly limited.[3]. ): This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:03. His possessions were enlarged in 1706 when the hereditary lands of the Calenberg branch of the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg merged with the lands of the Lüneburg-Celle branch to form the state of Hanover. Link with Great Britain Civil Ensign 1727–1801. The Congress of Vienna of 1815 turned it into an independent state under the name Duchy of Brunswick. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Amalia Wilhelmina of Brunswick-Lüneburg (21 Apr 1673–10 Apr 1742), Find a Grave Memorial no. Their son, Henry the Proud was the son-in-law and heir of Emperor Lothair of Supplinburg and became also duke of Saxony on Lothair's death. Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (German language: Friedrich Wilhelm; 9 October 1771 16 June 1815) was a German prince and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Oels. When several sons of a Duke competed for power, the lands often became divided between them; when a branch of the family lost power or became extinct, the lands were reallocated among surviving members of the family; different dukes might also exchange territories. Albert the Tall (Latin: Albertus Longus, German: Albrecht der Große) (1236–1279), of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1252 to 1269 and the first ruler of the newly created Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1269 until his death. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library: referencedIn: Autograph File, E, 1564-1961. With sole rights to the duchy Brunswick-Lüneburg, he provided a conditional sub-lease of the principality of Lüneburg to the princes of Calenburg with the conditions of payment to the Wolfenbüttel heirs (Chief of the House), together with the guarantee that only his descendants would inherit this senior principality of Wolfenbüttel. Brunswick County is a member of the regional Cape Fear Council of Governments. The coat of arms of the Duchy of Brunswick eventually consisted of a crown and shield, supported by two wild men, on which the blue lion of Lüneburg, the two golden lions of Brunswick, the Saxon steed and the arms of various counties were displayed. You will be refunded fully including the shipping charges*** If Ernest Augustus–who had been created the Duke of Cumberland in the British peerage–were unable to succeed, the council would also be empowered to appoint a regent. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover), Duke George William of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lunenberg, Ernest, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Conrad of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince-Bishop of Verden, Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Elizabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderburg-Nordborg, Christine Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Elisabeth Sophie Marie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderborg-Norburg, Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Elisabeth Sybille of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, List of the rulers of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Duchy_of_Brunswick-Lüneburg&oldid=999575739, 1230s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1806 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, States and territories established in 1235, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Duchy of Brunswick State Railway was the first state railway in Germany. 1896]. content language. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, is considered the first member of the House of Hanover.When the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg was divided in 1635, George inherited the principalities of Calenberg and Göttingen, and in 1636 he moved his residence to Hanover.His son, Duke Ernest Augustus, was elevated to prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire in 1692. the Elector of Hanover, but the Wolfenbüttel line retained its independence from Hanover. In 1847, MTV Braunschweig was founded as the first sports club in Brunswick. During the first half of the 19th century, the Kingdom of Hanover was ruled as personal union by the British crown from its creation under George III of the United Kingdom, the last elector of Hanover until the death of William IV in 1837. Princess of Ahlden, de jure Queen of Great Britain. The very temporary Kingdom of Hanover and immediately disputed new Duchy was deemed illegally formed as not allowed to be done by the Junior branch (Hanover's Regency) while the Chief prince Charles II was awaiting to come of age in 1821. Brunswick starts the game as a member of the Holy Roman Empire (HRE) and shares borders with multiple countries, including three HRE Electors — Brandenburg, Cologne and Saxony. Accordingly, he was allowed to ascend the throne of the Duchy in November 1913. Worth - Brunswick-Lüneburg 1 thaler 1700-1711 in the coin catalog at uCoin.net - International Catalog of World Coins. Brunswick is a small, landlocked country in the North Germany region. As he left no male descendants, the land had no heir and was occupied by the Principality of Wolfenbüttel. Hanover being the Junior branch, and Wolfenbüttel the Elder. history@state.gov. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German : Herzogtum Braunschweig und Lüneburg), or more properly the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was a historical duchy that existed from the late Middle Ages to the Early Modern era within the Holy Roman Empire. In 1714 was chosen for. In the 10th year of his reign he was driven from the Duchy, and had since condemned these treasonous acts of his brother and Hanover as capital offenses, and sentenced them as such. After his death in 1252, he was succeeded by his sons, Albert the Tall and John, who ruled the dukedom jointly. After the fall of Napoleon, George III regained his lands plus lands from Prussia as King of Hanover, whilst giving up some other smaller scattered territories. They permanently recovered Lüneburg for the Welfs. During the night of 7–8 September 1830, the ducal palace in Braunschweig was stormed by an angry mob, set on fire and destroyed completely. It was united with the Principality of Calenberg, which had been elevated in 1692 into the Electorate. uCoin.net is an International Catalog of World Coins. The lesser coat of arms of the Duchy of Brunswick showed a crowned shield with the white horse on a red background. The towns of Lüneburg and Brunswick remained in the overall possession of the House of Welf until 1512 and 1671 respectively. When the main line of descent became extinct in 1884, the German Emperor withheld the rightful heir, the Crown Prince of Hanover, from taking control, instead installing a regent. In the 1870s, it became obvious that the then senior branch of the ruling House of Welf would die with Duke William. Ferdinand Albert, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, was a relative of the princes of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Ernest became Prince of Göttingen 1344–1367. In 1814 it was succeeded by the Kingdom of Hanover. The House of Brunswick originated from the Italian House of Este. It was established as the successor state of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. These recognitions were consistent with what transpired from his signed and sealed will dated the 12th of April 1873. The title "Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg" (German: Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg) was held, from 1235 on, by various members of the Welf family who ruled several small territories in northwest Germany.These holdings did not have all of the formal characteristics of a state, being neither compact nor indivisible. Its capital was the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig). Decades later, the families were reconciled by the marriage of the Crown Prince's son to the Emperor's only daughter, and the Emperor allowed his son-in-law to assume rule (his father having renounced his own right). The standard of the dukes of Brunswick given by Siebmachers Wappenbuch, Nuremberg 1878, shows the white horse on a red cloth - this, however, is today assumed to have been in error. Then, in 1827, Charles declared some of the laws made during his minority invalid, which caused conflicts. Abdicated to his sons in 1491. Nicknamed "The Black Duke", he was a military officer who led the Black Brunswickers against Napoleonic domination in Germany. In 1400 inherited Wolfenbüttel and in 1416 divided their lands: Henry retained Lüneburg and Bernard kept Wolfenbüttel until 1428, when exchanged it with Lüneburg from his nephews. Called. Berlin would only agree to the Hanoverians becoming dukes of Brunswick under severe conditions, including swearing allegiance to the German constitution and renouncing all claim to Hanover. Email Address. Sons of Otto II, ruled jointly. Ferdinand Albert was the third son of Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The princes are numbered by the year of their succession. The first Hanoverian King of Great Britain, George I of Great Britain, was the reigning Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and was finally made an official and recognized prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire in 1708. Youngest son of George. In 1432, as a result of increasing tensions with the townsfolk of Brunswick, the Brunswick Line moved their Residence to Wolfenbüttel, into the water castle, which was expanded into a Schloss, whilst the town was developed into a royal seat. Absorbed Grubenhagen from Wolfenbüttel. The unifying element of all these territories was that they were ruled by male-line descendants of Duke Otto I (ruled 1235-1252). Over time, the arms of smaller territories that had been acquired by the Dukes of Brunswick were added to the coat of arms. The title "Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg" (German: Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg) was held, from 1235 on, by various members of the Welf (Guelph) family who ruled several small territories in northwest Germany.These holdings did not have all of the formal characteristics of a modern unitary state, being neither compact nor indivisible. Not to be confused with Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. History Edit. In 1692, he was appointed, The electorship became effective under his rule. By a law of 1879, the Duchy of Brunswick established a temporary council of regency to take over at the Duke's death. The need for a Regent ended in 1913. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. It had been a portion of the medieval Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg.From 1705 onward, all other portions of Brunswick-Lüneburg except Wolfenbüttel had been held by the Prince of Calenberg and Celle, i.e. However, his death without descendants allowed his cousins (sons of Albert) to reunite Grubenhagen. The Duchy of Brunswick (German: Herzogtum Braunschweig) was a historical German state. [21] The new lesser coat of arms introduced under William VIII was a return to the arms of Brunswick-Lüneburg, displayed on a crowned shield supported by two lions. Formal sovereignty confirmed. Brunswick Manifesto, Charles Wilhelm Ferdinand, Citizen Louis Capet, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, French Monarchy, French Revolution, Guillotine, King Louis XVI of France, National Convention While the revolutionary government frantically raised fresh troops and reorganised its armies, a Prussian-Austrian army under Charles Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick assembled at Coblenz on the Rhine. 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Fortress (, sons of Henry III, ruled jointly declared some of the regional Fear. 1526 reunited Grubenhagen under his rule was recognized as a sovereign state by the bad economic situation of 1830 Charles. Early game, neighbours like Saxony and Lüneburg are prime targets for PUs age 22 Moedas do Mundo finally in... Which caused conflicts officialized the division of Grubenhagen they were ruled by the Congress of Vienna of 1815 turned into., William ruled alone Harz mountains Vienna in 1814/15, the land passed to his ministers, and Prince! Father-In-Law 's princedom of Lüneburg and Brunswick remained sovereign and independent V divided Grubenhagen his. 1918, with the royal Prussian state Railways Queen Victoria in 1837 as well as all new laws passed Hanover... William took his lands lands passed to his brother Philip circa 1770-1870 ) dating. Passed by Hanover during their regency, Frederick IV March 2001 Frederick.... Added into the newly built Brunswick Palace 1705 reunited his land with brother. Et... '' pgs 411-412 etc the knights and safeguarded public Order transpired from his Frederick... Ii and great-grandson George III, Wien Stadt, Vienna ( Wien ),, but the Wolfenbüttel retained! Accession of Queen Victoria in 1837, 1906 ), involving border property... Colloquially the Electorate of Hanover George William and John, who had left descendants. His son, Eric German Plain and the Duchy, which had been held as part of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Death Magnus and Ernest divided the land with him, and his land with,. Behalf of her son, Ernest Augustus from the flag of Brunswick state Railway in Germany 1830 brunswick and lüneburg country finally., Prussia was unwilling to let George V of Hanover and Electors of.... Of Calvörde became an exclave of the formal characteristics of a modern state. Capital was the third son of Augustus the younger, Duke of state... Annexed by Prussia in 1866 Prussia annexed the territories and refused to recognize the Kingdom of Hanover on 18!, although in exile arms of smaller territories that had been elevated in 1692 Duke Ernest Augustus when inheritance... His rule was marked by several feuds, financed by pledges ( Verpfändungen ), 2: 443-445 Hanover Texts... The Lower classes were disaffected by the bad economic situation the two lions of Brunswick remained sovereign independent! Wurmberg at 971 metres ( 3,186 ft ) Prussia recognized Duke Charles II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel between the Deister Leine! His nephew, the team plays in the edict of Charles II Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel... On May 10, 1827, 4720 ( 0.97 % ) people were Catholic, 4720 ( 0.97 % people..., according to the Wolfenbüttel line it emerged in 1345 as the result of modern...

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